Generated with sparks and insights from 16 sources

img6

img7

img8

img9

img10

img11

Introduction

  • Heinz Kohut (May 3, 1913 – October 8, 1981) was an Austrian-born American psychoanalyst.

  • He is best known for developing self psychology, a significant school of thought within psychoanalytic theory.

  • Kohut's work emphasized the importance of empathy in understanding narcissistic needs and the development of the self.

  • He identified three selfobject needs: mirroring, idealization, and twinship, which are crucial for the development of a cohesive self.

  • Kohut's theories diverged from traditional Freudian psychoanalysis, focusing more on relationships and the self rather than drives and internal conflicts.

  • His major works include 'The Analysis of the Self' (1971) and 'The Restoration of the Self' (1977).

  • Kohut's ideas have had a lasting impact on psychoanalytic practice and the treatment of narcissistic personality disorders.

Early Life [1]

  • Born on May 3, 1913, in Vienna, Austria, to Felix and Else Kohut.

  • Kohut's father was an aspiring concert pianist, and his mother opened her own shop after World War I.

  • He was taught by tutors until the fifth grade and later attended the Döblinger Gymnasium in Grinzing.

  • Kohut entered the medical faculty of the University of Vienna in 1932.

  • He experienced significant challenges during the Nazi annexation of Austria, eventually emigrating to the United States in 1940.

img6

img7

img8

img9

img10

Career [1]

  • Kohut began his career in neurology at the University of Chicago's Billings Hospital.

  • He transitioned to psychiatry and psychoanalysis, joining the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis in 1946.

  • Kohut became a training and supervising analyst and a member of the institute's staff in 1953.

  • He served as president of the American Psychoanalytic Association from 1964 to 1965.

  • Kohut was also vice-president of the International Psychoanalytical Association in 1965.

Self Psychology [1]

  • Self psychology focuses on the development of the self and its impact on behavior.

  • Kohut emphasized the importance of empathic attunement in understanding narcissistic needs.

  • He identified three selfobject needs: mirroring, idealization, and twinship.

  • Self psychology places a significant emphasis on relationships and the vicissitudes of these relationships.

  • Kohut's theories diverged from traditional Freudian psychoanalysis, focusing more on the self rather than drives and internal conflicts.

img6

img7

img8

img9

img10

img11

Major Works [1]

  • 'The Analysis of the Self' (1971): A treatise on narcissistic personality disorders and their psychoanalytic treatment.

  • 'The Restoration of the Self' (1977): Focuses on the rehabilitation and transformation of the self.

  • Kohut's works emphasize the importance of empathy and the role of selfobject needs in the development of the self.

  • His writings challenge traditional Freudian concepts, offering a new perspective on psychoanalytic theory.

  • Kohut's books have been influential in the field of psychoanalysis and continue to be widely read and studied.

Influence and Legacy [1]

  • Kohut's theories have had a lasting impact on psychoanalytic practice, particularly in the treatment of narcissistic personality disorders.

  • His emphasis on empathy and selfobject needs has influenced contemporary psychoanalytic theory.

  • Kohut's work has been integrated into various therapeutic approaches, including relational and humanistic therapies.

  • He is considered one of the most creative and influential figures in the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis.

  • Kohut's ideas continue to be studied and applied in both clinical and academic settings.

img6

Related Videos

<br><br>

<div class="-md-ext-youtube-widget"> { "title": "Heinz Kohut and Self Psychology: Appreciation and Critique", "link": "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sgoruh5dz3k", "channel": { "name": ""}, "published_date": "May 28, 2020", "length": "" }</div>

<div class="-md-ext-youtube-widget"> { "title": "Heinz Kohut on Empathy in Psychotherapy", "link": "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H0rj3dA-aPE", "channel": { "name": ""}, "published_date": "Feb 11, 2022", "length": "" }</div>

<div class="-md-ext-youtube-widget"> { "title": "Heinz Kohut - Reflections on Empathy", "link": "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQ6Y3hoKI8U", "channel": { "name": ""}, "published_date": "Jan 9, 2009", "length": "" }</div>