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  • Conflict Duration: The Korean War lasted from June 25, 1950, to July 27, 1953.

  • Combatants: The war was fought between North Korea, supported by China and the Soviet Union, and South Korea, supported by the United Nations, primarily the United States.

  • Initial Invasion: The war began when North Korean forces crossed the 38th parallel and invaded South Korea.

  • Stalemate and Armistice: The war ended in a stalemate with the signing of an armistice agreement, but no formal peace treaty was ever signed.

  • Casualties: The war resulted in millions of casualties, including soldiers and civilians from both sides.

  • US Involvement: The United States entered the war to prevent the spread of communism, influenced by the containment policy and concerns over the security of Japan.

  • Legacy: The Korean Peninsula remains divided, with a heavily fortified Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating North and South Korea.

Causes [0]

  • Division of Korea: Post-World War II, Korea was divided along the 38th parallel, with the North occupied by the Soviet Union and the South by the United States.

  • Political Tensions: The establishment of separate governments in the North and South led to increased political tensions.

  • Communist Insurgency: North Korea supported communist insurgencies in the South, exacerbating tensions.

  • Stalin's Support: Kim Il Sung sought and received support from Joseph Stalin for an invasion of South Korea.

  • Chinese Civil War: The end of the Chinese Civil War saw Chinese communist forces supporting North Korea.

Major Battles [0]

  • Battle of Osan: The first significant US engagement, where Task Force Smith faced North Korean forces.

  • Battle of Pusan Perimeter: A critical defensive battle where UN forces held off North Korean advances.

  • Incheon Landing: A successful amphibious operation led by General MacArthur that turned the tide in favor of UN forces.

  • Battle of Seoul: The recapture of Seoul by UN forces after the Incheon Landing.

  • Chinese Intervention: Major battles ensued after Chinese forces entered the war, including the Battle of Chosin Reservoir.

International Involvement [0]

  • United Nations: The UN, led by the United States, supported South Korea with military aid and troops.

  • China: Entered the war in support of North Korea, significantly altering the course of the conflict.

  • Soviet Union: Provided material support and strategic advice to North Korea.

  • United States: Played a principal role in supporting South Korea, driven by the policy of containment.

  • Other Nations: Countries like the United Kingdom, Canada, Turkey, and Australia also contributed troops to the UN forces.

Impact and Legacy [0]

  • Division of Korea: The Korean Peninsula remains divided along the 38th parallel.

  • DMZ: The Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) is one of the most fortified borders in the world.

  • Cold War: The war intensified Cold War tensions between the US and the Soviet Union.

  • Military Developments: The war saw significant developments in military tactics and technology.

  • Veterans: The war had a lasting impact on veterans and their families, with many suffering from physical and psychological wounds.

Casualties [0]

  • Military Casualties: Over 100,000 casualties for the United Nations forces involved.

  • Civilian Casualties: Millions of North and South Koreans died during the conflict.

  • North Korean Casualties: Significant losses among North Korean military and civilian populations.

  • South Korean Casualties: High casualties among South Korean soldiers and civilians.

  • Chinese Casualties: Substantial losses among Chinese forces supporting North Korea.

Timeline [0]

  • June 25, 1950: North Korean forces invade South Korea, starting the war.

  • July 1950: Battle of Osan, the first significant US engagement.

  • September 1950: Incheon Landing, a turning point in the war.

  • October 1950: Chinese forces enter the war in support of North Korea.

  • July 27, 1953: Signing of the armistice agreement, ending active combat.

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