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Tiananmen Square

Plaza in Beijing, China

Travel Tips

Don't miss the raising of the national flag. 1

Visit at dawn or dusk to witness the flag ceremonies. The visit can be completed in less than an hour. 2

Witness the flag-raising ceremony at sunrise. The square is surrounded by important buildings including the Forbidden City entrance, museums, and Chairman Mao's Mausoleum. 3

Visitors can take subway line 1 and get off at Tian'anmen West (Exit B) or Tian'anmen East Station (Exit B) to reach the square. From there, walk a short distance north to Tian'anmen, the gate to the Forbidden City. 4

Take a taxi to save time and energy for exploring the Forbidden City. 5

Visit early in the day to avoid crowds. 6

Great for photos, especially in the morning. 7

Arrive early to avoid crowds and witness the flag-raising ceremony. 8

Check the ceremony time in advance as it changes with sunrise. 9

About

History

  • ๐Ÿ“œ Early History: Tiananmen Square was originally designed and built in 1651.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ Imperial Era: The square was historically a ceremonial gateway known as the 'Great Ming Gate' and later the 'Great Qing Gate'.
  • โš”๏ธ 19th Century: During the Second Opium War in 1860, British and French troops occupied Beijing and considered burning down the gate.
  • ๐Ÿ—๏ธ 20th Century: The square was significantly expanded in the 1950s under Mao Zedong's vision to make it the largest in the world.
  • ๐Ÿ—ฟ Modern Era: The square has been a venue for mass gatherings and significant political events, including National Day parades.

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Key Landmarks

  • ๐Ÿ—ฟ Monument to the People's Heroes: Erected in 1958, this monument commemorates those who fought for China's revolutionary causes.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ Mao Zedong Memorial Hall: Completed in 1977, it houses the body of Mao Zedong.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ Great Hall of the People: Located on the western side, it is the site of the annual meetings of the National People's Congress.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ National Museum of China: Situated on the eastern side, it combines the former Museum of the Chinese Revolution and the National Museum of Chinese History.
  • ๐Ÿšช Tiananmen Gate: The northern gate of the square, historically significant as the main gate to the Forbidden City.

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1989 Protests

  • ๐Ÿ“… Timeline: The protests began in April 1989 and culminated in a violent crackdown on June 3-4, 1989.
  • ๐Ÿ“ข Demonstrations: Initially led by students, the protests called for political and economic reforms.
  • โš”๏ธ Government Response: The Chinese government declared martial law and used military force to suppress the protests.
  • ๐Ÿ•Š๏ธ Casualties: Estimates of the death toll vary, with some sources citing hundreds to thousands of deaths.
  • ๐Ÿ“ธ Iconic Image: The 'Tank Man' photo, showing a lone protester standing in front of a column of tanks, became a symbol of the protests.

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Visiting Information

  • ๐Ÿ“… Reservations: Since December 15, 2021, visitors must make a reservation before entering the square area.
  • ๐Ÿ•’ Opening Hours: The square is generally open to the public, but specific hours may vary.
  • ๐Ÿš‡ Transportation: Easily accessible via Beijing's subway system, with several nearby stations.
  • ๐Ÿ“ธ Photography: Visitors are allowed to take photos, but be mindful of security regulations.
  • ๐Ÿ›‚ Security: Expect security checks at entry points; large bags may be inspected.

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Nearby Attractions

  • ๐Ÿฏ Forbidden City: Located just north of Tiananmen Square, this historic palace complex is a must-visit.
  • ๐ŸŒณ Jingshan Park: Offers panoramic views of the Forbidden City and Beijing.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ National Museum of China: Located on the eastern side of the square, it houses extensive collections of Chinese art and history.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ Great Hall of the People: On the western side, it is used for legislative and ceremonial activities.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ Wangfujing Street: A famous shopping street located a short distance from the square.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ Mausoleum of Mao Zedong: Located within the square, it is the final resting place of Mao Zedong.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ Monument to the People's Heroes: A prominent obelisk in the center of the square.
  • ๐Ÿ›๏ธ Zhengyangmen (Qianmen): The southern gate of the square, historically significant and architecturally impressive.

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Travel Information
๐Ÿ“ย ย ย Address: China, Beijing, Dongcheng, ๅ‰้—จ ้‚ฎๆ”ฟ็ผ–็  - 100051

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