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Introduction

History

  • πŸ“œ Origins: The Wang family migrated from Taiyuan to Jinsheng in 1312 during the Yuan Dynasty.
  • πŸ’° Wealth: The family accumulated wealth through bean curd sales, business, and government positions.
  • πŸ›οΈ Construction: Built over several generations from the reign of the Kangxi Emperor (1661–1722) to the Jiaqing Emperor (1796–1820).
  • πŸ“‰ Decline: The family's fortunes declined in the 19th century due to degeneracy and public corruption.
  • 🌍 World Heritage: Listed as part of the 'Ancient Residences in Shanxi and Shaanxi Provinces' in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List in 2008.

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Location

  • πŸ“ Coordinates: 36Β°53β€²46β€³N 111Β°52β€²04β€³E.
  • 🏞️ Setting: Built on the slope of Mianshan Mountain on a loessial terrace, facing a river.
  • 🏘️ Village Proximity: Overlooks Jingsheng village, 12 km from Lingshi County seat.
  • πŸš— Accessibility: 35 km from Pingyao Ancient City, 150 km from Taiyuan.

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Layout and Architecture

  • 🏰 Courtyards: 231 courtyards and 2,078 rooms.
  • 🏯 Fortresses: Includes Yongcui, Suorui, Zhongling, Hongmen, Gongji, Dongnan, and Chongning fortresses.
  • πŸ›€οΈ Symmetry: Main area is symmetrical, divided by a moat with a stone bridge.
  • πŸ›– Multi-Tiered Walls: Four circles of walls protect different layers of dwelling areas.
  • πŸ–ΌοΈ Carvings: Ornate stone, brick, and wood carvings with themes based on folk customs and arts.

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Highlights

  • 🏯 Gaojiaya: Built by Wang Rucong and Wang Rucheng, featuring exquisite carvings and a labyrinthine layout.
  • πŸšͺ Red Gate Castle: Built in 1793, covering 25,000 square meters with 88 yards and 776 rooms.
  • πŸ–ΌοΈ Zishou Temple: Known for its colorful mural arts and painted sculptures.
  • πŸ›οΈ Calligraphy and Painting Hall: Displays hundreds of excellent works.
  • πŸ’Ž Treasure Hall: Contains collections of furnishings, old coins, porcelains, rare stones, and jade carvings.

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Visiting Information

  • πŸ•°οΈ Opening Hours: 08:00 AM to 06:00 PM.
  • 🎟️ Ticket Prices: CNY 55 in peak season (April to October) and CNY 35 in off-peak season (November to March).
  • 🚌 From Taiyuan: Take a long-distance bus from Jiannan Bus Station to Lingshi Bus Stop, then transfer to No.1 bus.
  • πŸš† From Pingyao: Take a bus from Pingyao Coach Station or a train to Lingshi Train Station, then transfer to No.1 or No.11 bus.
  • πŸ“ž Contact: Phone Number: 0354-7722122.

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Nearby Attractions

  • 🏰 Pingyao Ancient City: 35 km away, a UNESCO World Heritage Site with well-preserved ancient architecture.
  • 🏯 Qiao Family Compound: 100 km away, known for its delicate carvings and unique patterns.
  • 🌊 Hukou Waterfall: A stunning natural attraction in Shanxi Province.
  • πŸ•Œ Shuanglin Temple: Known for its ancient sculptures and murals.
  • 🏞️ Mianshan Mountain: 4 km away, offering scenic views and hiking opportunities.

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Travel Information
πŸ“Β Β Β Address: Pingyao, Jinzhong, China, 031199

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